When the constitution was first implemented in India on 26th January 1950, there was no mention of duties that a citizen has to abide by. The government had a trust that our society can work functionally and follow the fundamental duties. But it didn’t go as planned. Therefore, in 1976, ‘42nd Constitutional Amendments’ came with an introduction to ten Fundamental Duties. It is a list of actions that the government expects its citizens to perform for the betterment of society. These duties are like a code of conduct for us to thrive culturally and intellectually. More than rules, they are the basic approach to allow multi-dimensional growth in humanity.
However, no one can force a citizen to perform these duties against his/her will. Unlike Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties are not justiciable. That implies you can not punish a citizen for not following fundamental duties.
Originally, there were ten fundamental duties. However, after ‘Right to Education’ got its approval, another duty became a part of the roster. Let’s see what the fundamental duties of an Indian citizen are:
After the introduction of the Right to Education in the constitution, another duty was added for parents. The duty specifies that it is the duty of every parent to provide opportunities to their child under 14 years old to get a proper education. It has been deemed necessary to get educated and grow intellectually.
As we mentioned earlier, these duties are simply a code of conduct and not enforceable. Our constitution expects us to perform these duties and provides our fundamental rights. In return, it is our responsibility to follow the code of conduct and live socially to enjoy our fundamental rights. However, the biggest reason for no legal sanction is because these duties are very vague when you try to define them. For instance, serving towards excellence in all spheres can be manipulated in many ways according to your viewpoint. Therefore, it remains a matter of perspective.
So, these are the fundamental duties specified in the constitution of India that we need to follow for proper behavior.
In case you missed our previous article on Fundamental Rights, you can read it here.
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